Prefers rich, humusy soils in full sun, although some afternoon shade is appreciated in hot summer climates. Blooming for weeks from late spring through summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. This native American wildflower is of particular interest to wildlife conservationists. Bee balm is a member of the mint family, and has all the same runner-like properties that mint has. Reviews. Separate each plant into three clumps, making sure each section has a portion of crown and roots. Bee Balm is a perennial wildflower with gorgeous red blooms that attracts hummingbirds. Given its height (2-4 feet), bee balm makes for an excellent background plant in a pollinator garden. Deadheading the flowers are known to prolong the blooming period. More tolerant of wet soils than many perennials, Scarlet Bee Balms is also ideal for rain gardens. Showy tubular flowers in inflorescences of about 30 around a central bract rest at the tip of a vibrant green stem, surrounded by lush green leaves. You’ll want to pick a location with good growing conditions: ample light, well-draining soil, and if you’re growing it to encourage beneficial insects or hummingbirds to visit your yard to pollinate or to help wipe out pests, you’ll want to place it near your food plants. It thrives in any type of average soil as long as it is well-drained, and prefers a neutral pH. Monarda didyma is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Monarda didyma. Cherished by butterflies and hummingbirds. Bergamot, Monarda didyma, has distinctive flowerheads, each one consists of a large number of curving tubular flowers growing out from a central point, creating a shaggy dome of petals.The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and … If you see a small hole with a yellowish edge in the stem, cut the stalk at least an inch below the hole, and check inside the removed stalk to see if the larva is inside. While you can divide bee balm as mentioned above in the repotting segment, it can also be grown from cuttings or from seeds. Commercial cultivars like slightly richer soil, likely because of years of propagation in better quality soils. While it’s not always fatal to the plant, it blocks the plant’s ability to take in the sun’s rays and do photosynthesis, so it is best to treat it whenever possible. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. R… Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' Yield (stems/plant) Stem Length (inches) Market Appreciation Rating (1) Repeat Again Rating (1) Ease of Cultivation Rating (1) Average: 12.9: 29.6: 3.3: 3.9: 4.3 (1) Data shown are from those respondents who harvested stems. Remove spent blooms to prolong flowering. Color: White flowers, green foliage. When your seedling plants have formed at least two sets of true leaves, you can then thin them down to 18-24″ apart or transplant them to space them out as needed. Bee balms are susceptible to powdery mildew. Named for the son of Georgia plantsman and garden designer Jean Cline. If you are growing from seed, first make sure your bee balm seed is not from a hybrid cultivar, as they often do not breed true. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Monarda Species, Bee Balm, Scarlet Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Firecracker Plant, Bergamot (Monarda didyma… If it is, destroy that stalk. They flower in full sun to partial shade and grow best in moist soil. An exception to this is Monarda media, which likes more moisture, but even then it does need room for the roots to breathe as well. Water them well and set them inside a plastic bag to help retain some moisture. The flowers of Monarda didyma are inodorous as they are primarily pollinated by birds. The spotted bee balm can be either an annual or a perennial depending on its environment. Thrips do similar damage to what spider mites inflict, except they do not build webbing on the plant surfaces. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. And so, to draw beneficial insects to our yards, we tend to use plants like bee balm. At the top of the stalk forms a large inflorescence in a reddish-purple hue, made up of many smaller flowers around a seed head. Beebalm is a showy herbaceous perennial herb in the Mint family, very popular in Southeastern gardens for its long bloom time and easy nature. For a burst of added color against the purple or redder colors of bee balm, try growing daylilies for a bright yellow, or select a nicely contrasting blue by planting agapanthus. Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildlife. The nectar found in the flowers supports bees, butterflies and hummingbirds, which act as the primary pollinators for the plant. Water the plants in midmorning so they will dry quickly. Monarda didyma has a long his-tory of being used by some tribes of Native Americans as a medicinal plant to cure skin infections, minor wounds and even excessive cases of gas. Apply the water slowly and deeply so that it soaks into the soil rather than running off. Monarda didyma. It blooms from July to August. Great for chicken and fish dishes. Free-flowering, Monarda 'Fireball' (Bee Balm) is a compact, clump-forming perennial boasting masses of vibrant scarlet red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. You want to make certain that every division has plenty of root mass to regrow from. Plant Care: Full Sun. Suggested uses. Plant in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Common names are from state and federal lists. Mulch around plants with garden compost annually, and divide congested clumps in spring. By Jackie Carroll Commonly called scarlet bee balm, Monarda didyma is one of the stars of the summer garden. Also, pruning of stems affected by mildew also helps to keep the plant healthy. Write a Review. Zones: 4-9. Compact and early flowering, Monarda 'Balmy Purple' (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial which produces bright purple flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Deadheading the flowers are known to prolong the blooming period. This plant is a bit woody, with long slender leaves on the flower stalks mixed with slightly oblong leaves at the plant’s base. Pretty flowers cheer up Summer salads whilst the lemon-orange flavour adds a delicate piquancy to dishes. Monarda didyma 'Pink Lace' (Bergamot 'Pink Lace') will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.45m after 2-5 years. The flower stalk supports multiple florets of pale purple bee balm flowers stacked neatly in a conical form. Suggested uses. For example, thinning stems at the beginning of spring help reduce the chances of powdery mildew. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Monarda punctata is a major draw for beneficial bugs, especially beneficial predatory wasps. Next, I normally observe Wild Bergamot (Monarda … Monarda didyma, often known as Bee Balm is a showy, herbaceous perennial with hairy mint-like leaves and clusters of spidery red and pink flowers through spring and summer. Clear pink flowers differ from most Bee Balms, with full round flower ball shape. Monarda didyma Grand Parade™ ('ACrade') (PP19580, COPF) Characteristics Still one of the best, it is much more attractive in the garden than in the container. Soil should not be allowed to dry out. It has a thyme-like aroma. Large, bright red, shaggy-looking flower clusters sit atop 3- to 4-foot stems covered with fragrant foliage. Plant your seeds in the very early spring when the soil is still cool and there is still a chance of light frost. However, it is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. Use nitrogen fertilizer sparingly or use a slow-release fertilizer. Cut back to the ground at the end of the season. Monarda didyma NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 2. Home » Bee Balm: How To Plant, Grow, and Care for Monarda. Foliage will release a spicy fragrance when crushed and can be used to make herbal tea. Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildlife. But let’s look a little closer at what the optimal conditions to grow bee balm are. So, if you are going to order seed online, do so in mid-Autumn. Allow for good air circulation around your plants, especially if you live in a more humid environment. Cut off the flowerheads as the flowers fade to encourage more blooms. Monarda is a genus that has a long history of being used as a medicinal herb. Once they have taken root, remove the plastic bag and repot your cuttings in potting soil and place in a sunny window or greenhouse until you are ready to replant elsewhere. Dark green foliage is mildew resistant. They tend to spread less in a clayey soil, which may or may not be a good thing. The seeds from Monarda didyma will get a higher germination rate if they are cold/moist stratified for 2-3 months prior to planting. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. It seems to favor sandy soils with good drainage. Perfect for herbal tea. Rising above, the flower stems tinge towards purple, and culminate in a lavender to light purple flower. Does best in well-draining conditions, but can tolerate heavier clay. High Maintenance. Make sure the product you choose is labeled for use against powdery mildew on Monarda plants, and store unused portions of the products in their original container and out of the reach of children. Commonly called scarlet bee balm, Monarda didyma is one of the stars of the summer garden. Limit fertilization to once in spring just as the plants begin to grow. Also is susceptible to powdery mildew and root rot in the right conditions. We all want to encourage pollinators to populate our gardens. Plant in moderately fertile, moist but … Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms. Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. For the healthiest plants, look for bee balm varieties that are powdery mildew resistant. Also called Oswego Tea, Red Bergamot, and Horsemint. Genus Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn . For example, thinning stems at the beginning of spring help reduce the chances of powdery mildew. Bee balm is particularly sensitive to powdery mildew, a fungal disease that makes the plant look as though it has been sprinkled with talcum powder. Divide the plants every two or three years in late fall or early winter to keep them vigorous and prevent overcrowding. To combat these, use insecticidal soaps or horticultural oils like neem oil to eliminate the spider mites. 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