The result of sequence analysis combined with taxonomic characters could distinguish the different species of earthworm. Eudrilus eugeniae is an aboveground African worm mainly found in tropical and subtropical countries and is used in the process of vermiculture and vermicomposting. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The ANC (Eudrilus Eugeniae) African Night Crawlers are native the warm regions of West Africa, but now vermicomposters in tropic and sub tropic climates all over the world are using them as … All rights reserved. Ash (7.97 vs 4.13%) and fat (1.81 vs 1.44%) content were lower and protein content was higher (17.6 vs 19.16%) in meat from G2 quails. Super worm meal (SWM) was evaluated to investigate the effect of partial or total replacement of fish meal (FM) in diets for tilapia juvenile, Oreochromis niloticus. They have huge appetites, they will eat up to 150% of their own body weight each day if given the proper environment and food. La technique de lombriculture en zone tropicale se, supplémentairedevrapermettrederecueillirlesurplus, rapportC/Nde30(Bruyeer&Simus,, peutsefaireausolavecdestasde, de surface (Francis et al., 2003). La lombriculture, peut se pratiquer dans des bacs plastiques (Tahir &. "Eco-taxonomic profile of the iconic vermicomposter - the 'African Nightcrawler', "Eco-Taxonomic Profile of an Iconic Vermicomposter — the 'African Nightcrawler' Earthworm,Eudrilus eugeniae(Kinberg, 1867)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eudrilus_eugeniae&oldid=976950473, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 September 2020, at 01:49. This study set out to review the nutritional composition of termites and earthworms and their potential value as alternative sources of animal protein in poultry diets. de lombricompost est épandu sur un lm plastique, exposé au soleil, puis les vers sont triés à la mains, (Francis et al., 2003). Suivant les surfaces utilisées,, le niveau de production peut varier.Au Canada, des, 60kgdeversdeterreontétéproduitschaquemoissur, al. (2008) rapportent que pour produire 70t de vers, Le ver de terre a vu son importance grandir grâce, aux différents rôles qu’il joue dans l’économie,, l’environnement, l’agronomie et la zootechnie,, notamment. En effet, les multiples usages du ver de, et l’alimentation animale (Coulibaly et al., 2014;, Lelombricompostagepermetauxvers, de décomposer des déchets organiques en éléments, nutritifsassimilablesparlesplantesgrâcela, plante de disposer de substances biologiques actives, telles que les régulateurs de croissance des plantes, supplémentairesaveclacommercialisationdesvers, sourcenonnégligeabledeprotéinepourl’alimentation, pays où il est exploité pour des besoins divers. Aux, Philippines et en Inde, pour réduire leurs charges, d’exploitations, les producteurs agricoles utilisent le, vermicompostpourbaisserlescoutsdelafertilisation., Dans ces pays, le fumier d’élevage, utilisé comme, substrat pour le vermicompostage, est devenu un, venduàd’autresagriculteurscomme, d’autres lombricompostages (Misra et al., 2005), ce, pour l’exploitation. Adorada (2007) a montré que, des paysans philippins ont pu générer des bénéces, relativementimportantsaveclacommercialisationdes, versdeterreetduvermicompost., (Dominguez & Edwards, 2010). Au Canada,, est reconnue (Loongyai et al., 2011). Sa valeur, économiqueaprisdel’importanceavecsonutilisation, comme appât pour la pêche sportive (Moraes et al.,, ont un impact réel sur l’environnement, notamment, par la production importante des déchets organiques, de vermicompostage sont issues des pays tropicaux, atout pour l’environnement (Dominguez & Gomez-, atout majeur grâce à son utilisation dans la gestion, feupourladestructiondesdéchets, la préservation de l’environnement. Le potentiel de, Lesversdeterreparticipentfortementàlafertilité, vermicompostage de différentes matières organiques, en zone tropicale (Dominguez & Edwards, 2010;, et al., 2013), notamment en Afrique de l’Ouest, micro-éléments(Fe,Mn,Cu,etZn)danslesturricules, un accumulateur de métaux lourds présents dans le, sol,illesrendalorsmoinsdisponiblespourlesplantes, (Coulibalyetal.,2016).Pourquelamatièreorganique, transformée soit utilisée de manière efciente par la, de stabilisation pour permettre que la quantité de, métaux lourds absorbés par les végétaux soit inme, et sans conséquence pour l’homme (Han Ko et al.,, à cette problématique en montrant qu’, permis de stabiliser la matière organique du sol par, 15versdeterreparkgdedéjectionsanimales.C’estlà, à la plante de disposer des nutriments (N, P, assimilable(Karthikairaj&Isaiaasu,, (WWS), déjection du ver de terre (EC) et sol témoin, cesélémentsnutritifspourlescultures,, a mis en évidence la présence d’agents régulateurs, de croissance des plantes dans le vermicompost, utilisé pour amender les sols., Cettepratiquepourraitêtreétenduedansd’autrespays, tropicaux où les problèmes de fertilité des sols et la, gestiondesdéchetsorganiquesseposent., La production des vers de terre pour l’alimentation, animalesusciteunintérêtparticuliercarleverdeterre, estunesourcedeprotéinepourl’alimentation, ethumaine(Morin,2004;Tiroesele&Moreki,2012)., pour l’aviculture (Francis et al., 2003 ; Tiroesele, élevages de volailles et de poissons (Sivasankari, la ration alimentaire de jeunes tilapias (, (AbdRahmanJabiretal.,2012).Celafutconrmé, Différentes espèces de vers de terre, dont, que leur composition en protéine brute (, est proche des 61,0% de protéines brutes apportées, par la farine de poisson (Reinecke et al., 1993). En, etauBotswana(Chiripasietal.,2013)., par rapport à la poudre de ver de terre (63,0%),, l’utilisation de la protéine issue du ver de terre ne, poserait aucun problème nutritionnel. Cela conrme, commesourcedeprotéine,enlieuetplacedelafarine, lepoulet(Agbedéetal.,1994;Prayogi,2011)., bien d’autres éléments nutritifs (, animauxd’élevage(Tiroesele&Moreki,2012)., Tiroesele & Moreki (2012) afrment que la, cité par Tiroesele & Moreki, 2012)—, farinedeversdeterredansl’alimentationanimale., environnementaux tels que la température, le pH,, oscillant entre 25 et 28°C (T, métabolique et de la croissance. Si la température, (Shagoti et al., 2001). Lorsque la température du, est observée et l’apparition du clitellum peut être, retardée. Au-delà de 35°C, le ver de terre meurt, et90%,maisilcroîtetsereproduitmieuxentre70et, doitoscillerentre6,4et7,0.Endeçà,ilpeutentrainer, & Zoro Bi, 2010). Dans des conditions d’élevage, tel que l’amidon (Shagoti et al., 2001). T, le ver de terre possède la capacité de modier son, environnement pour maintenir le pH entre 6,5 et 7, photosensibles sur la peau. Ces cellules créent un, stimulus douloureux et paralysant au contact de la, lumière et cela peut lui être fatal. Pour se protéger,, il sécrète un mucus protecteur sur sa peau. C’est, pourquoileverdeterrepréfèreresterdansl’obscurité, Les vers de terre ne tolèrent pas une forte, concentration d’ammoniac. De ce fait,, salinitéauneffetdestructeursursapeau., à son développement, comme les déserts et les, géographique de ce lombric (Ansari & Saywack,, 2010). En se nourrissant de différents types de, matières organiques, le ver de terre absorbe parfois, des substances toxiques ou des micro-organismes, pathogènes présents dans le sol., d’autres animaux consommateurs de ver de terre, être un accumulateur des métaux lourds (Guérin, et un hôte intermédiaire de certains parasites des, consommation d’une matière organique contenant, des substances médicamenteuses, telles que des, Les insecticides néonicotinoïdes utilisés en, agriculture, comme l’imidaclopride, peuvent se, intensif des pesticides présente ainsi des risques de, en particulier, et entraine la disparition des vers de, terre dans certaines zones agricoles du fait de cette. Materials and Methods Vermicomposting studies were carried out with press mud substrate using the earthworms, Eudrilus eugeniae, Lampito mauritii and Perionyx ceylanensis. For a same type of waste, shorter time to maturity, larger number of fruits per plant, larger number of seeds per fruit, heavier fruits and seeds and higher yields were obtained with vermicompost compared to compost. Eudrilus eugeniae (EE), Lumbricus rubellus (LR)to be varied in several composition of cassava peels, vegetable waste and cow manure. Quick facts. 8212-A-2017.pdf. 2020. Fecundity, growth, maturation and biomass production were all significantly greater at … ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. 20 days) and (0.98±05*** for 40 days) compared to that of control. Introduction. Maximum weight of around 2.5 grams occurs within 8–10 weeks. The agronomic parameters as “time of fruits maturity, number of fruits per plant, weigh of fruit, yield and heavy metal contents in the seeds were evaluated. Interestingly, the blue worm and Lao worm were morphologically similar to Perionyx sp. Earthworm is a potential contributor in organic waste disposal or vermicomposting. It is nocturnal and lies in the surface layer during the day. Reçule13mars2016,acceptéle14mars2017. treated with vermiwash were increased significantly (P< 0.001) in Vigna mungo (2.46±0.03*** for 20 Days) and (3.70±0.03*** There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in the moisture, protein, lipid and ash content in the whole body composition. The present study aimed to evaluate the benefits of vermicompost from animal wastes on Lagenaria siceraria productivity and its seeds quality compared to compost. The greatest number of cocoons per week and the number of hatchlings per cocoon are obtained at 25 °C. Eudrilus eugeniae, also called the "African Nightcrawler", is an earthworm species native to tropical west Africa and now widespread in warm regions under vermicompost; it is an excellent source of protein and has great pharmaceutical potential. This review aimed to facilitate the agricultural recovery of the worm in Gabon and improve the current knowledge on E. eugeniae. It was concluded that earthworm meal inclusion during 42 days, could represent a proteic complement to improve dressing percentage and nutritional profile of quail meat. Eudrilus lacazii Perrier, 1872: 75. Moreover, Eudrilus eugeniae was evidently defined as the same genus and species. Physicochemical parameters, heavy metals and total petroleum hydrocarbons were analyzed using AAS. The African Nightcrawler has a uniform purple-grey sheen and the posterior segments are evenly tapered to a point. Contents of heavy metals in the seeds from plots that received vermicomposts were all below the maximum residue limits recommended by the Codex Alimentarius. Conclusions. disponibleetdesmatériauxaccessiblesauproducteur. Parameters to be measured are chemical (pH, temperature and humidity) and physical (waste weight). ches to be reused as feedstocks of Eudrilus eugeniae for the duration of 12 weeks. All rights reserved. Quantitative observations were made of the cocoons at 25 °C in different substrates. Nutritionally, it has been shown that termites and earthworms compare favourably with fish meal, which is the main animal protein source in poultry diets. the growth of plants and their grain yield in vermiwash treated plants is due to high level of macro (N, P, K, S, Ca, Organic COLOUR: Dark mauve or pink throughout, and are slightly iridescent . These results clearly indicate that up to 25% of FM protein in fish diet can be replaced by SWM without any adverse effect on feed utilization and body composition. They are quickly becoming the most popular Composting Worms in America. Fresh excreta of four animal species wastes i.e. Ministèredel’EnvironnementduQuébec. Therefore, present experiment is designed to study the effect of vermiwash The earthworm species (or composting worms) most often used are Eisenia, fetida or Eudrilus eugeniae could be used. Morphology and nucleotide sequence of two genes for the red worm (Pheretima peguana) were distinct from Eudrilus eugeniae but were similar to the blue worm (Perionyx excavatus) and Lao worm (P. excavates) and therefore, it was classified as a new species, Perionyx sp. All Rights Reserved. Eudrilus eugeniae (Eudrilidae; not native to Brazil ) and Perionyx excavatus (Megacsolecidae) were obtained from the earthworm distributor Minhobox along with their substrate (substrate 1), which was commercially composted cow manure. commeleGabon,oùilestencorepeuconnu. To Dr. Charles Thorn, recently retired from his position as Microbiologist in the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering, U. S. Department of Agriculture, who has contributed in a large measure to the development of our knowledge of the fungi of the soil by encouraging many younger workers, including the writer of these lines, by helping them with the identification of the. process, Eudrilus eugeniæ (African Nightcrawler) and Eisenia fœtida (California Redworm) are highlighted. CLITELLUM: Found between segments 32 & 38 - prominent orange-red Accessed at https://animaldiversity.org. Therefore, it may be concluded that significant increase in Eudrilus eugeniae is an aboveground African worm mainly found in tropical and subtropical countries and is used in the process of vermiculture and vermicomposting. The Handbook identifies all aspects of Regulatory Plant Biosecurity and discusses them from the standpoint of preventing the international movement of plant pests, diseases and weeds that negatively impact production agriculture, natural plant-resources and agricultural commerce. The development of the production of this earthworm species requires a deepening knowledge of the species. Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg, 1867), one of the most common and widely earthworm used in vermicomposting under tropical and sub-tropical conditions, has been successfully used in vermicomposting of a variety of crop residues (Bagari and Biradar, 2017; Coulibaly and Zoro Bi, 2010; Dominguez et al., 2001; Lim et al., 2012; Ravindran et al., 2015; Soobhanya et al., 2015; Suthar, … Cocon de l'espèce Eudrilus eugeniae-Cocoon of the species Eudrilus eugeniae. The clitellum is on 14th to 18th segments, a pair of female pores on the 14th segment and a pair of male pores at the joint of the 17th and 18thsegment. All treat-ments encouraged the growth of E. eugeniae except the Eudrilus eugeniae, vermicompost, chicken waste, cowdung, microbial digestion . A laboratory study on the bioremediation of diesel contaminated soil with the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kingberg) was conducted. Further investigation regarding the geographical distribution of this worm in the equatorial zone, where it was recently described, must also be considered. Finally, the development of a specific identification key for E. eugeniae is recommended. Characteristics and life history aspects of eight common species of earthworms are summarized in this chapter. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht (outside of the USA). Two individuals of E. eugeniae were maintained per circular plastic container (diameter = 12 cm and depth = 14 cm) for cocoon production. joursà25°C(Sivasankarietal.,2013). Thus, a field experiment was carried out under randomized complete block design with three replicates in Côte d’Ivoire by using compost and vermicompost as fertilizers. The clitellum is paler than the rest of the body. cow, sheep, … d’autres groupes de vers de, as a waste management technol, AgdebeG., Nguekam & Mpoame, d’utilisation de la farine de, Effectoffeedingmopanewormmealonmineralintake,, ecobiosoil.univ-rennes1.fr/e107_files/downloads/, CoulibalyS.S. & ZoroBiI.A., 2010. Inuence of animal, wastes on growth and reproduction of the African, CoulibalyS.S., KouassiK.I., T, 2011. Impact of the population size of the earthworm, animal wastes during vermicomposting., content reduction during vermicomposting of animal. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Patrick Byambas, All content in this area was uploaded by Patrick Byambas on Feb 28, 2018, Rôlesetcaractéristiquesmorphologiquesduverdeterre, bât.43.BE-4000Liège(Belgique).E-mail:jlhornick@ulg.ac.be, Forestières(IRAF).Troisquartiers.BP. These two Species are recommended by, most vermiculture experts, as they have some of the best appetites and breed, very quickly. This makes the prospect of utilizing insects which are available in nature for most part of the year as alternative sources of proteins feasible. The African nightcrawler is a species of the Eudrilidæ family, adapted to the tropical climate with an ideal temperature ranging from 10 to 30 °C. Breast meat resulted very tender for both treatments without being different (P<0.05). The experimental work was conducted in an environmental control chamber at … Eudrilus eugeniae lives on the surface layer (epigeic) of moist soil and are also found wherever organic matter is accumulated (Bouche, 1977). estpeuoxygéné(Chaoui,2010;Schuchetal.,2010). With the purpose of determining the effect of earthworm meal inclusion in the diet on dressing percentage, cuttability and physical-chemical quality of quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) meat, an experiment was carried out during 42 days. Eudrilus eugeniae: pictures (1) To cite this page: Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. Triplicate groups of fish with average initial body weight (5.57 ± 0.15 g) were fed each with 5 isonitrogeneous (32% crude protein) diets formulated to include 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% (diets 1 – 5, respectively) of FM substituted with SWM. (C) Williams & Wilkins 1944. Key words: Vigna mungo, Vigna radiata, Sesamum indicum, Eudrilus eugeniae, Vermiwash. DominguezJ.&EdwardsC.A.,2010.Biology, of earthworm species used for vermicomposting., EdwardsC.A., AranconN.Q. & ShermanR.L., eds., DomínguezJ.&Gómez–BrandónM.,2010., delaslombricesdetierraaptasparaelvermicompostaje, (Life cycles of vermicomposting earthworms)., FernándezR. et al., 2011. Ultrastructural and molecular, insights into three populations of, with different reproductive modes., Gomez-BrandonM., LoresM. & DominguezJ., 2012., Species-specic effects of epigeic earthworms on, microbial community structure during rst stages of, decompositionoforganicmatter., are associated with high neonicotinoid concentrations., HanKoJ. et al., 2008. Evaluation of maturity parameters, JesikhaM., 2013. Growth of medicinal and economical, plants in vermicompost for sustainable development., JonesD.T. & LoweC.N., 2012., opalexplorenature.org/sites/default/files/7/file/OP, KarmakarS., BrahmachariK., GangopadhyayA. &, onthegrowthofmulberrycuttings., engineers and the most important detritivors in forest, LemtiriA. et al., 2014. Impacts of earthworms on soil, LiL., XuZ., WuJ. & T, to bioavailable metal concentrations in pig manure., morphological comparison, taxonomic revision and, molecular differentiation of the four economically, important species of earthworm in Thailand., LoweC.N. & ButtK.R., 2005. Earthworm culture,, maintenance and species selection in chronic, ecotoxicological studies: a critical review., MonebiC.O. & UgwumbaA.A.A., 2013. Utilization, MoraesM.J.d., FilhoD.O., MartinsJ.H. & SantosL.C.,, 2012. Electric signals for separation of earthworms, MorinR., 1999. Exploitation et élevage des vers de terre, pour le marché des appâts vivants., l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation,, Canada:Ministèredel’Agriculture,desPêcherieset, detraiterlesrésidusorganiques.. 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