Using lessons from the Civil Rights Movement, groups of students began to hold "teach-ins" on college campuses to educate their colleagues about the war. The issue of American involvement came up in an interview with President Kennedy conducted by journalist Walter Cronkite on September 2, 1963, less than three months before Kennedy's assassination. Mass protests didn’t stop the Vietnam war. The peace candidate Eugene McCarthy's near-victory in the 1968 New Hampshire primary was fueled in great measure by voters who felt the Johnson Administration was not being aggressive enough in its prosecution of the war. The public had become war weary. Writer Normal Mailer, a participant in the protest, was among the hundreds arrested. I learned that patriotism includes protest, not just military service." In May 1968, 562 US troops were killed in one week alone. America's combat role in Vietnam came to an official end with the peace agreement signed in early 1973. The need for peace of necessary due to the fact that many mothers and fathers were losing their young sons to a war that was fought purely for the interests of the United … The anti-war protests weighed heavily on President Johnson leading in part to his resignation. Thousands of outraged young people descended on Chicago to protest outside the convention hall. Protesters shut down D.C. traffic before. In February 1969, in a landmark 7-2 decision, the high court ruled in favor of the students. Elaborating on the iconic picture, which eventually caused the Vietnam war to end in 1973, he says, “I was taking pictures at Trang Bang 25 miles northwest of Saigon. The flag at New York's City Hall was flown at half-staff to honor the Kent State students. Protesters included a group of men who had served in the conflict and called themselves the Vietnam Veterans Against the War. to discuss the impact of the antiwar movement on the course of the Vietnam War and ultimately the role the movement had in ending the war. My argument is that the antiwar movement did influence some Vietnam policies; however it did not directly end the war. Called the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, its organizers went to great lengths to eliminate the violent rhetoric and confrontational street tactics that had marred previous coalition actions. Top Essentials to Know About the Vietnam War, The Peace Symbol: Beginnings and Evolution, Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War), Biography of Tom Hayden, Activist and Politician. This song was made after the year of the most Vietnam casualties in 1968. Protest by Teens in Middle America Reached the Supreme Court. Here is a page explaining their reasons, as well as a history of the war … Looking back, few incidents in this cycle of more war and more protest aroused the nation as did the horrendous incident on May 4, 1970. On October 15, 1969, a nationwide "moratorium" was held to protest the war. The newspaper described the protest as something of a genteel social event, noting "Beards and blue jeans mixed with Ivy tweeds and an occasional clerical collar in the crowd.". Vietnamese monk protesting with self-immolation. Following the end of the war, she became an advocate for Vietnamese refugees, who were known as "boat people.". The Nixon administration claimed to have a plan to end the war, but there did not seem to be any end in sight. The Vietnam War dominated the mid-to-late sixties and taught American elected officials the limits of their powers and their failure to play the role of an international patrol. With the signing of the Paris Peace Accords in 1973, which basically ended American involvement in the Vietnam War, the protests drew to a formal close. He was stripped of his boxing title but was eventually vindicated in a long legal battle. On April 30, 1970, President Nixon announced that American troops had entered Cambodia. Student protesters prompted a Supreme Court case. Those who supported America's involvement in the war always contended that protesters had essentially sabotaged the troops and made the war unwinnable. Body of protester shot dead at Kent State. A powerful bomb, which was being built by members of the radical Weather Underground group, went off prematurely. A spirit of protest spread throughout society. So at first, people in the U.S. weren’t paying very close attention. Hundreds of young people were beaten in the streets as a small force of police officers mostly stood by and watched. Vietnam had been divided into North and South Vietnam, and American officials resolved to prop up the government of South Vietnam as it fought against a communist insurgency supported by North Vietnam. Many of these voters went on to support the third-party candidacy of the Vietnam hawk George Wallace in the November general election. Protests against the war continued at various locations around the country. The various protests drew to an end as President Richard Nixon, who served from 1969-1974, began to withdraw American soldiers from North and South Vietnam. The protests against the war started to pick up when body bags started to return to America in increasing numbers. Behind the Anti-War Protests That Swept America in 1968. Re "When 'The System' Worked" (Op-Ed, May 30): Carol Muske Dukes asserts that "the war in Vietnam was stopped" by the protests and activism of the late 1960's and early 70's. Three members of the group were killed, and the incident created considerable fear that protests might become violent. Some protests advocated for Civil Rights, while many sought to put an end to the Vietnam War. As the movement against the Vietnam war spread, there was also a backlash against it. One student said the president had also talked about sports, mentioning a college football team and, upon hearing one student was from California, talked about surfing. The following morning, before dawn, President Nixon made a surprise visit to talk to student protesters who had gathered in Washington near the Lincoln Memorial. Yes I am certain they did have an effect, although the anti-war protests were not the only reason the war ended. The mobilization of a massive number of protesters greatly influenced public opinion, which in turn influenced how the war was conducted. In the early 1960s, most Americans would have viewed the conflict in Vietnam as a minor proxy war between the United States and the Soviet Union. Kennedy was careful to state that American involvement in Vietnam would remain limited: In the years following Kennedy's death, American involvement in Vietnam deepened. He was Amazon.com's first-ever history editor and has bylines in New York, the Chicago Tribune, and other national outlets. By the time of the 1969 moratorium day protests, nearly 40,000 Americans had died in Vietnam. In this article, the attitude of US college students to the war in Vietnam would be examined, also their response to the course of events that were associated with the period of the war including protests against the Vietnam war, while we see the effect it had on the American authority and ultimately, the sufficiency or otherwise of the … Vietnam War Protests Influenced Popular Music America’s involvement in Vietnam started slowly - only 5,000 soldiers in 1960. The National Student Strike, Cambodia/Kent State, The Pentagon Papers legal case, Operation Linebacker protests … He ordered 30,000 U.S. troops, accompanied by 50,000 South Vietnamese … Following the election of Richard M. Nixon that fall, the war continued, as did the protest movement. The administration of Lyndon B. Johnson sent the first American combat troops to Vietnam: a contingent of Marines, who arrived on March 8, 1965. In May 1970, an estimated 4 million young people joined protests that shut down classes at seven hundred colleges, universities, and high … Protests did not end the Vietnam War by themselves, but the anti-war movement gained momentum with the release of the Pentagon Papers. On August 9, 1965, Johnson briefed members of Congress about the war and claimed there was "no substantial division" in the nation regarding America's Vietnam policy. As the war escalated and increasing numbers of Americans were wounded and killed in combat, the opposition grew. 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