[2] The Center is working to create a new field, the Science and Engineering of Intelligence, dedicated to developing a computationally based understanding of human intelligence and establishing an engineering practice based on that understanding. This sample Convergence Theory Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Convergence research and the Science of Team Science undergird the work of CONVERGE, which is led by a social scientist and brings together networks of researchers from geotechnical engineering, the social sciences, structural engineering, nearshore systems, operations and systems engineering, sustainable material management, and interdisciplinary science and engineering. This is the NSF’s contribution to the multiagency National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI, $1.5 billion in FY 2015) encompasses the systematic understanding, organization, manipulation, and control of matter at the atomic, molecular, and supramolecular levels in the size range of about 1 to 100 nanometers [11]. The cover of the report is an image of lungs, one of the major sites of metastasis. The results of this study are intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs [4]. A second IDEAS lab with a focus on Improving Photosynthesis was held in 2011 in collaboration with the British Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). Digitalization and integration of platforms, contents, and production processes in a global context are examined. 2009. The Center employs a convergence approach in bringing together computer scientists, cognitive scientists, and neuroscientists to work in close collaboration. Sample Research Paper on Media Convergence. Username. Synthetic biology is a set of ideas, tools, and techniques integrating engineering and biology. For example, the genetic code to a dangerous virus could lead to harm if it is available publicly. By accepting the terms, you agree to keep personally identifiable information private and to only use it in fufillment of your duties as a researcher. Formed in 2006, the NSF Engineering Research Center SynBerc [3] uses synthetic biology to build the tools and technologies to address challenges in healthcare, energy, and the environment. This new program has in turn strengthened internal collaborative efforts at NSF between Engineering and programs in the Physical, Biological and Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences. Convergence investigates examples of organizations that have established mechanisms to support convergent research. Frontier projects are designed to address CPS challenges that cannot be achieved by smaller efforts. Menon (2006) offers one final example of how convergence has been defined by focusing simply on the technological aspect of convergence. This perspective stems from the pragmatic foundations for conducting mixed methods research where the notion of “what works” applies well to selecting the methods that “work” best to address a study’s problem and questions. NSF established the Science and Technology Research (STC) Centers Program in 1989 to help maintain U.S. preeminence in science and technology and ensure the requisite pool of scientists with the quality and breadth of experience required to meet the changing needs of science and society. We will highlight a few here. “Nanotechnology Research Directions”, National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), White House (WH), 230 pages, Washington, D.C.; Publ. Convergence has a range of different research projects. Convergence, in mathematics, property (exhibited by certain infinite series and functions) of approaching a limit more and more closely as an argument (variable) of the function increases or decreases or as the number of terms of the series increases.. For example, the function y = 1/x converges to zero as x increases. Cite this document Summary. The multi-scale approach has required the participation of researchers with many different areas of expertise, and has led to the creation of a new community of researchers. 13, 427-445. Convergence is pleased to present our 2015 annual research insights into the Alternative Asset Management Industry. We theorize that all four items reflect the idea of self esteem (this is why I labeled the top part of the figure Theory). Password. 2016. The Foundation’s primary investment in CPS is through the Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Solicitation 17-529. If you are unsure what construct validity is, we recommend you first read: Construct validity.Convergent validity helps to establish construct validity when you use two different measurement procedures and research … The Center of Advanced Materials for Purification of Water with Systems (The WaterCAMPWS) [2] is a research and education center for increasing water supplies for human use through enhanced treatment technologies. [2] The Center is also founded on the premise that its objectives are best reached by establishing a new field of study. The annual U.S. and global revenue growth rate increased from about 25% during 2001-2010 to about 40% during 2010-2014, suggesting that this recent interval is the beginning of the ascendant section of the S-development curve.” [10], National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749, National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin, Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE), Environmental Research and Education (ERE), International Science and Engineering (OISE), Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SBE), Responsible and Ethical Conduct of Research, Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Award Statistics (Budget Internet Info System), National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). Biological machines call "bio-bots" are a fusion of biology and engineering. The program aims to foster a research community committed to advancing research and education in CPS and to transitioning CPS science and technology into engineering practice. 2009. [3], NAS. Any data conveyed to you by this website is confidential and intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom it is assigned. To achieve this, we developed and continue to enhance a comprehensive, scalable, high quality process with best-in-class technology. [2] Any data conveyed to you by this website is confidential and intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom it is assigned. NNI cumulatively totals over $22 billion since the inception of the NNI in 2001. The Third Revolution: The Convergence of the Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Engineering, MIT 2016. IFRS and GAAP Convergence - Research Paper Example. [1] The new world of discovery, invention, and innovation: convergence of knowledge, technology, and society. Mirkin and M.C. Our legacy will be a rich body of intellectual achievement, newly developed materials and engineered systems, and highly educated students, researchers, practitioners, and stakeholders in clean water, and to become the preeminent source of knowledge for advanced materials and systems in water purification.” [2] Convergent and divergent validity. About 45% of the nanotechnology awards are at the confluence with at least another foundational science and technology domain - biotechnology, information technology and cognitive sciences.  Approximately 10,000 students and teachers will be educated and trained in NSE in FY 2015. Growing Convergence Research (GCR) Webinar - January 2020 (PowerPoint Presentation), National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749, National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin, Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE), Environmental Research and Education (ERE), International Science and Engineering (OISE), Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SBE), Responsible and Ethical Conduct of Research, Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Award Statistics (Budget Internet Info System), National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), Growing Convergence Research (GCR) Webinar - January 2020 (PowerPoint Presentation), Proposal & Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG). The center brought an identity, credibility, and expansion to the field of behavioral neuroscience, and in the process created a brand name.” [1] Available on: http://www.nano.gov/sites/default/files/pub_resource/nni_fy17_budget_supplement.pdf. Convergence is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to help promote dialogue and solve problems across the political divide on issues of national consequence. When you see two objects, you can be able to see the distance. Convergence Research, Inc. P.O. Caption: A new report, “Convergence: The Future of Health,” draws on insights from scientists and researchers across academia, industry, and government. This report discusses details of current programs, how organizations have chosen to measure success, and what has worked and not worked in varied settings. It came into being through convergence of chemistry, physics, engineering, and many other disciplines, notably biology and materials in which proteins and crystals are nanoscale structures, computer science in which the smallest components of electronic circuits approach the nanoscale, and mathematics which is essential for all kinds of research and design. For example, biochemistry, nanoscience, and neuroscience all emerged as interdisciplinary fields that eventually grew to become their own disciplines. There is also a convergence of CPS technologies and research thrusts that underpin Smart & Connected Communities and the Internet of Things. Synthetic biology offers promise as a tool to address key challenges such as food security and sustainable energy. W. S. Bainbridge and M. C. Roco 2016. Converging Knowledge, Technology and Society: Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio- Info-Cognitive Technologies, edited by M.C. In September 2016 the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced three, five-year "Frontier" awards, totaling more than $13 million, to advance cyber-physical systems (CPS) -- engineered systems that integrate computational and physical components to improve productivity, efficiency and the quality of life [3]. They promote scientific advances on complex research problems that benefit from a sustained interaction among disciplines, and they facilitate the formation of teams to address research challenges in areas of national priority. Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: NANOTECHNOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples. Credit: Janet Sinn-Hanlon, DesignGroup@VetMed for the Center for References. In addition, the Small Business Innovative Research and the Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) programs invited proposals with translational potential in synthetic biology. In the lecture entitled Sequences of random variables and their convergence we explained that different concepts of convergence are based on different ways of measuring the distance between two random variables (how "close to each other" two random variables are). Technology Convergence Examples: The Underlying Mechanism Many of the previous examples of convergence mentioned have come about because of technology convergence. 1. J Nanopart Res 15:1946, W. S. Bainbridge and M. C. Roco 2016. The media undertakes a vital function in the society. 1. Coherence and divergence of megatrends in science and engineering. Colorado State University’s Center for Multi-Scale Modeling of Atmospheric Processes (CMMAP) [4] is pioneering the use of multi-scale modeling in the study of atmospheric processes. See for example, [1-11]. Many of the entertainment examples, for instance, have to do with video, virtual reality and the Internet connecting and providing an altogether new experience. Convergence in distribution of a sequence of random variables. Collaborative projects between and among participants, rather than efforts limited to the research group of an individual participant, are the desired outcome. Roco, W.S. The convergence theory in sociology would say that certain crowds are violent because the people who formed the crowd wanted to promote violence in the first place. NSF asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to study the topic, organize workshops, and prepare interim and final reports examining the need for and content of a CPS education. A convergence between the life sciences, physical sciences, computer sciences, and engineering is driving research in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). The Centers have proven to be an excellent mechanism to foster and develop convergent approaches. By abstracting from the particulars of specific systems and application domains, the CPS program seeks to reveal cross-cutting fundamental scientific and engineering principles that underpin the integration of cyber and physical elements across all application sectors. 2011. Global revenues of nano-enabled products reached $1 trillion in 2013 according to industry surveys. It is grounded in the belief that seminal contributions are most likely to emerge from collaborative efforts. Box 498892 Cincinnati, OH 45249-8892. info@convergenceresearch.com Phone: 866.606.4023 Fax: 866.945.9369 To help you understand more about this type of validity, here are 10+ convergent validity examples you can check out. The program seeks to encourage a cross-disciplinary, more theory-driven science and to use synthetic biology approaches to probe fundamental questions in biology. 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